Crete is the largest island in Greece, it has a 1,000 kilometre long coastline and has numerous sandy beaches, bays, coves and peninsulas, there are three mountain ranges in Crete, the White Mountains in the West, the Mountain of Idi in the middle of the island and the Dikti Mountain in the East. While spending your holidays in Crete, you will realize that the Island of Crete has a rich history that dates back to the Neolithic times, however it is more known for the Minoan civilization.
The Minoan civilization flourished in Crete from 2600 B.C. to 1100 B.C. Art and science also flourished during the Minoan civilization. The Minoan civilization suddenly vanished due to a huge tidal wave caused by a volcanic eruption in the Thira Volcano and the island was later occupied by many others like Dorians, Roman, Arabs, Byzantine, Venetians and Turkish. Today Crete is divided into four areas, Chania, Rethymno, Heraklion and Lasithi, which all have a number of towns and villages. All the places in Crete are good for touring and make a perfect place for spending your holidays with family and friends. Some of the interesting places to visit while on holidays in Crete include the Palace of Knossos, also known as the landmark of Minoan Civilisation. Knossos Palace was the largest construction in the area, it was a five storeyed building with about 1500 rooms and it is also connected to the legend of Knossos Labyrinth.
Apart from Knossos Palace which is a must see place in Crete, the ruins of Phaistos are also worth a visit. Phaistos was the most powerful and wealthy city during the Minoan civilization. It is situated in southern Crete, about an hours drive South of Heraklion. Another interesting place to visit during your holidays in Crete, is Lasithi Plateau which has about 10,000 windmills which were used during the Venetian period. They were designed in 1464 by Venetian engineers for the purpose of irrigation.
The town of Agios Nikolaos is the most famous tourist place in Crete. Agios Nikolaos is built around the biggest bay of Crete, the Merabello bay and is well connected to all nearby villages and towns by bus, car and boat. Hersonissos is another beautiful tourist place that has a number of sandy beaches and a vibrant nightlife, so you shouldn’t miss it during your Crete holidays!
Sports and leisure activities are in abundance in Crete. For those who love water sports it is the perfect place to be as there is snorkeling, scuba diving and river treks. Canyoning is an interesting activity in Crete, mainly because the island has the maximum number of canyons in Greece, some of these still unexplored. There are canyoning tours that cross the canyons, some of these are a simple walk through the canyons and some require some basic training in rappelling.
Spring and autumn are the best months for holidays in Crete. During spring the hills and valleys of Creteare flourishing with flowers, the scenic beauty is so mesmerising that spring walking tours are organised to enjoy the spring. For those who are interested in history, there are a number of archaeological sites and museums to see inCrete. The Historical Archive and Museum in Crete has all the information related to the history of the island and has the second largest archives in Greece after the General Archives of the Greek State. A room in the museum is also dedicated to Eleftherios Venizelos who was elected the Prime Minister of Greece several times.